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Primary Crop Disorders:
- Crop infections (gram negative bacteria, yeast, fungi)
- Over-stretched crop (feeding greater than 12-15% body weight)
- Aerophagia (air in the crop prevents normal crop motility)
- Foreign body (bedding ...)
- Crop burn
- Pharyngeal or esophageal trauma (damage due to feeding tube,
   crop tube, syringe)


Generalized GI Statis:
- Generalized disease (bacteria, yeast, viruses, parasitic infection)
- Polyoma virus
- Hypothermia (baby becomes too chilled) or hyperthermia (baby
   becomes too hot)
- Formula too cold or too hot
- Improperly mixed formula (too little water, additions to the formula)
- Yolk salk infection (improper absorption and subsequent infection)
- Damp or wet nest box/excessively humid/dry environment.
- Stress
- Congenital abnormalities

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